Word: Bourgeois


A. n.
1. orig. A (French) citizen or freeman of a city or burgh, as distinguished from a peasant on the one hand, and a gentleman on the other; now often taken as the type of the mercantile or shopkeeping middle class of any country. Also fem. bourgeoise, a Frenchwoman of the middle class.

2. Used disparagingly. a. In communist or socialist writings: a capitalist; anyone judged to be an exploiter of the proletariat.

I thought this word pertained well to Marx's historical yet social critique of the events leading up to Louis Bonaparte's coup d'├ętat in France. The bourgeois were critical to the power struggles in France at the time and also the term lent itself to Marx's critique on social classes.

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